Skip to main content

‘Namaste Orchha’ Mahotsava-From March 6 to 8

Special Article

A unique chapter in history- Orchha Ramraja's city 

भोपाल : मंगलवार, फरवरी 18, 2020, 15:34 IST

Orchha has been the ancient capital of the Bundela kings. Orchha is the only city in the world, whose king is believed to be Lord Rama. Orchha was founded in the year 1501 by Rudrapratap Singh. Veerasinha Dev has been a great warrior, who enhanced its boundaries and splendor, he built temples, buildings and forts in Orchha. Every city and every village in Budhelkhand has many stories to tell. But Orchha is such a chapter of history, which contains unique stories in itself. 

Ramraja Temple Orchha-

 The first ruler of the Bundela state was Sohanpal (1261–1268) of the Gahad Wall dynasty of Banaras, who had come to Bundelkhand after differences with his father. From 1269 to 1501 AD, eight rulers of this dynasty ruled the state. In 1501, Rudrapratap, a brave warrior became the ruler. He shifted his capital from Garhkundar to Orchha in May 1531 and later died in the same year. After Rudrapratap's death his son Bharti Chandra became the ruler. After his death in 1554, his brother Madhukarshah became the ruler, during his time the kingdom was defeated and in 1577, the Mughals took over the state of Orchha

In 1591, Madhukarshah challenged the Mughals by capturing the area around Gwalior, but was defeated by the Mughal army. Madhukarshah's son Ramshah later reconciled with the Mughal emperor Akbar. He ruled until 1604 AD. His troubles continued due to the activities of his brothers Veerasingh, Indrajit and Pratap. Of these, Veerasingh killed Abul-Fazl in 1602 AD at a place called Gantri near Gwalior to befriend Mughal Emperor Jahangir. At that time Abul-Fazl was returning after conquering Asirgarh. Angered by this, Akbar sent the royal army to Orchha. Mughal won the Orchha Mughals, but could not catch Veer Singh Dev.

 When Jahangir became Sultan of Delhi in 1605 AD, he made his friend Veerasinh Dev the ruler of Orchha. This ruler with impressive personality and strong self-confidence increased the boundaries of the state. Also built temples, buildings and forts. After him, Jujhar became the next ruler. Khanjahan Lodhi revolted against the Mughals, he passed through Orchha without any hindrance in 1628 AD. The Mughals were angered by this. But when Khanjahan Lodhi was passing through Orchha again in 1602 AD, the Jujhar attacked him and gained the friendship of the Mughals. He was sent south by the Mughals. In his absence, his brother Hardaul ruled the state. When he returned from the south, he doubted the intimacy of his wife and brother Hardaul. He told his brother to drink poison. Hardaul drank poison to maintain the sanctity of his relationship with sister-in- law. This act of sacrifice made him immortal throughout Bundelkhand. Even today he is a hero in folk songs. He has a tomb in Phulbagh, which is the center of reverence.

Orchha state remained without ruler from 1635 to 1641 AD. In the year 1641, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan returned the kingdom of Orchha to Pahar Singh, the son of Veersingh. After Pahar Singh, Sujan Singh (1653–72 AD), Indramani (1672–75 AD), Jaswant Singh (1675–84 AD) and Bhagwant Singh (1684–89 AD) became ruler of the state. The Marathas started attacking Bundelkhand during the rule of Maharaja Udyot Singh (1689–35 AD), which resulted in decrease in the boundaries of the Bundela kingdom. At the time of Prithvi Singh (1635–52 AD), the state was confined to the city of Orchha only. The later Bundela rulers continued to ensure their existence from time to time with the friendship of the Mughals, Marathas and the British. In 1789 Vikramajit shifted the capital of Orchha state from Orchha to Tikamgarh. With this change, the glory of Orchha began to decline.

With time and nature, the beautiful buildings of Orchha turned into ruins. But today these buildings, temples, forts tell the story of its glory. Among them are grand temples like Ramaraja Temple, Chaturbhuji Temple, Laxmi Temple, Rajmandir, Jahangir Mahal, Sheeshmahal and Orchha's canopies-

It has beautiful palace like Rai Praveen Mahal. Also the natural and scenic beauty around Orchha is also amazing.

Ramraja Temple- This temple was built by Orchha ruler Bhartichandra in 1532 AD. It is also called Nau Chowkia Bhawan. In 1574, Shri Ramaraja Bhagwan ascended the palace. From this time, it started being called Ramraja Temple. Formerly it was a palace.

Chaturbhuji Temple- According to local public opinion, it was built by Bundela king Madhukarshah in the 1532 AD to establish the idol of Ramraja. But in 1574 AD, Shri Ramaraja ascended the Rani Mahal. Then an idol of Bhagwan Chaturbhuj was installed in it. This temple has special significance from the point of view of architecture. This Bundela architecture incorporates vent holes and Dome styles.

Lakshmi Temple- There is a temple of Lakshminarayan behind Sri Ramaraja Temple in Orchha. It was built by Maharaja Veersingh Dev in 1618 AD. It looks like a triangle from outside but it is actually square from inside.

Raj Mandir (Raja Mahal) - It was built by Maharaja Madhukarshah in 1575 AD. It is in front of Chaturbhuji Temple. This grand palace has a cellar at the bottom and several small open pavilions (Mandaps) at the top.

Jahangir Mahal- It is one of the most beautiful buildings in Orchha. It was built by King Veersingh in 1618 AD. This square shaped building is situated on eight beautiful domes. The perfection of the architecture of the past is displayed in this building.

Sheesh Mahal- It was built by Maharaja Udyot Singh in 1706 AD. There is a cellar below it.

Rai Pravin Mahal- It was built in 1618 AD by Indrajit, son of Madhukarshah. It was the residence of Rai Praveen. Next to the palace is the platform of Rai Praveen, which used to have music programmes.

Khumansingh's Haveli- Khuman Singh was a seignior (Samant) of Maharaja Pahar Singh, who led the Bundeli army during the Gondwana invasion. This haveli is a glorious history of his valour.

               Apart from this, there are canopies of Orchha rulers on Kanchanghat of Betwa River. Orchha has two pillars named Sawan-Bhado built in 1606 AD. Hardaul’s building is also situated near to these pillars.

Bekhabaron Ki Khabar - बेख़बरों की खबर

Bekhabaron Ki Khabar, magazine in Hindi by Radheshyam Chourasiya / Bekhabaron Ki Khabar: Read on mobile & tablets -


मध्यप्रदेश समाचार

देश समाचार

Popular posts from this blog

आधे अधूरे - मोहन राकेश : पाठ और समीक्षाएँ | मोहन राकेश और उनका आधे अधूरे : मध्यवर्गीय जीवन के बीच स्त्री पुरुष सम्बन्धों का रूपायन

  आधे अधूरे - मोहन राकेश : पीडीएफ और समीक्षाएँ |  Adhe Adhure - Mohan Rakesh : pdf & Reviews मोहन राकेश और उनका आधे अधूरे - प्रो शैलेंद्रकुमार शर्मा हिन्दी के बहुमुखी प्रतिभा संपन्न नाट्य लेखक और कथाकार मोहन राकेश का जन्म  8 जनवरी 1925 को अमृतसर, पंजाब में  हुआ। उन्होंने  पंजाब विश्वविद्यालय से हिन्दी और अंग्रेज़ी में एम ए उपाधि अर्जित की थी। उनकी नाट्य त्रयी -  आषाढ़ का एक दिन, लहरों के राजहंस और आधे-अधूरे भारतीय नाट्य साहित्य की उपलब्धि के रूप में मान्य हैं।   उनके उपन्यास और  कहानियों में एक निरंतर विकास मिलता है, जिससे वे आधुनिक मनुष्य की नियति के निकट से निकटतर आते गए हैं।  उनकी खूबी यह थी कि वे कथा-शिल्प के महारथी थे और उनकी भाषा में गज़ब का सधाव ही नहीं, एक शास्त्रीय अनुशासन भी है। कहानी से लेकर उपन्यास तक उनकी कथा-भूमि शहरी मध्य वर्ग है। कुछ कहानियों में भारत-विभाजन की पीड़ा बहुत सशक्त रूप में अभिव्यक्त हुई है।  मोहन राकेश की कहानियां नई कहानी को एक अपूर्व देन के रूप में स्वीकार की जाती हैं। उनकी कहानियों में आधुनिक जीवन का कोई-न-कोई विशिष्

तृतीय पुण्य स्मरण... सादर प्रणाम । Bekhabaron Ki Khabar - बेख़बरों की खबर Bekhabaron Ki Khabar - बेख़बरों की खबर Bkk News Bekhabaron Ki Khabar, magazine in Hindi by Radheshyam Chourasiya / Bekhabaron Ki Khabar: Read on mobile & tablets -

खाटू नरेश श्री श्याम बाबा की पूरी कहानी | Khatu Shyam ji | Jai Shree Shyam | Veer Barbarik Katha |

संक्षेप में श्री मोरवीनंदन श्री श्याम देव कथा ( स्कंद्पुराणोक्त - श्री वेद व्यास जी द्वारा विरचित) !! !! जय जय मोरवीनंदन, जय श्री श्याम !! !! !! खाटू वाले बाबा, जय श्री श्याम !! 'श्री मोरवीनंदन खाटू श्याम चरित्र'' एवं हम सभी श्याम प्रेमियों ' का कर्तव्य है कि श्री श्याम प्रभु खाटूवाले की सुकीर्ति एवं यश का गायन भावों के माध्यम से सभी श्री श्याम प्रेमियों के लिए करते रहे, एवं श्री मोरवीनंदन बाबा श्याम की वह शास्त्र सम्मत दिव्यकथा एवं चरित्र सभी श्री श्याम प्रेमियों तक पहुंचे, जिसे स्वयं श्री वेद व्यास जी ने स्कन्द पुराण के "माहेश्वर खंड के अंतर्गत द्वितीय उपखंड 'कौमारिक खंड'" में सुविस्तार पूर्वक बहुत ही आलौकिक ढंग से वर्णन किया है... वैसे तो, आज के इस युग में श्री मोरवीनन्दन श्यामधणी श्री खाटूवाले श्याम बाबा का नाम कौन नहीं जानता होगा... आज केवल भारत में ही नहीं अपितु समूचे विश्व के भारतीय परिवार ने श्री श्याम जी के चमत्कारों को अपने जीवन में प्रत्यक्ष रूप से देख लिया हैं.... आज पुरे भारत के सभी शहरों एवं गावों में श्री श्याम जी से सम्बंधित संस्थाओं